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Interview with Arturo Zamora

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Arturo Zamora was born in Benjamin, Texas, in 1925, one of eleven children. He came to Cloquet, Minnesota, in 1931 with his parents and settled in 1938 near Hollandale, Minn., where his family has owned a farm since 1940. Zamora has worked at Wilson Meat Packing Co. in Albert Lea since 1945 and operates a restaurant near Albert Lea with his three brothers. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED: Family and early life - work in the meatpacking industry - Club Azteca, League of United Latin American Citizens and Knights of Columbus in Albert Lea - and his restaurant.

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TRANSCRIPT OF AN ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW WITH ARTURO ZAMORA

This interview was conducted as part of a series on the Mexican American in Minnesota. Arturo Zamora, one of eleven children, was born in Benjamin, Texas in 1925. At

the age of six he moved to Minnesota with his parents, where they did agricultural work, until going to work at Wilson Meat Packing Company in 1945. to work there up through the time of this interview. Albert Lea. He has been active in community affairs. He has continued

He has raised his family in In addition to his emp1oy-

ment at the Wilson Company, Arturo has opened and manages a Mexican restaurant in Albert Lea. This is a transcript of a tape recorded interview edited to aid in clarity and ease of comprehension for the reader. The original tape recording is available in

the Audio-Visual Library of the Minnesota Historical Society.

INTERVIEW WITH ARTURO ZAMORA JULY 15, 1976 INTERVIEWER: GRANT MOOSBRUGGER

Moosbrugger:

This is Grant Moosbrugger interviewing Mr. Arturo Zamora, at La Casa Zamora Restaurant in Albert Lea, Minnesota, on July 15, 1976, for the Mexican American History Project. Do I have your permission to interview you for

the Mexican American History Project? Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora: Yes. Could you start by telling us your name, where, and when you were born? My name is Arturo Zamora. I was born in Benjamin, Texas, on January 30, 1925.

Do you have brothers and sisters? There were eight brothers and three sisters. left now. There are only six brothers

Moosbrugger: Zamora:

Can you name them starting with the oldest? The oldest is Jesse; then Ophelia; Arturo; Joe; Pauline Oscar, now; Daniel; Johnny; Jacob; and Louise McCarthy.

Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger:

Are any of them living in Minnesota now? Seven are in Minnesota and one in Phoenix, Arizona. One in Phoenix and the rest in Minnesota. from Texas? Did you move to Minnesota right

Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora:

Yes, we moved from Texas in 1931, to.come and work in the sugar beets. What towns did you work in? Cloquet, Minnesota. Was it 1931 when you settled in Minnesota? Yes, that's the first time we stayed here. Texas in the winter time. Then in 1940, we went back to

We came back to Minnesota in the spring.

-2Moosbrugger: So, just for one year, in 1940, you decided to try Texas again? came back to Minnesota and stayed? Zamora: Moosbrubber: Zamora: Right. What town did your father settle in, in 1940, when he came back? In Hollandale. married. Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora: We bought a farm, which we still have. Then in 1945, I got Then you

I started working at Wilson's, and I have been there ever since. Any of your brothers or yourself?

Who works the farm now? No, we just rent it out.

Then you had some of your schooling in Minnesota, or was it mostly in Texas? Most of my schooling was in Mason City, Iowa. Iowa every winter. We used to go to Mason City,

That's where I had my schooling, the little that I have.

Moosbrugger: Zamora:

Are your folks still living, or did they pass away? My dad passed away, but my mother is still living. my house. She lives right behind

Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger:

Right here, in Albert Lea? Yes. Are your brotherspnd sisters living elsewhere in the state, or mostly right here, in Albert Lea?

Zamora:

One of them lives in Austin, one is in Hollandale, and one lives in St. Paul. The rest of them live close to town.

Moosbrugger:

You got married in 1945. family?

Who did you marry?

Can you tell us about your

Zamora:

I married Jenny Gaska.

She was born and raised here.

We have five children:

three girls, and two boys. the service in Korea.

Two of the girls are married, and one boy is in The

He is finishing four years in the Air Force.

other one just graduated from high school. home.

He is the one that we have at

-3-

Moosbrugger: Zamora:

Where are your sons and daughters living now? One of them is in Minneapolis, one is in Maryland, and one of them is in South California.

Moosbrugger:

You have a son in Missouri, then of course, your youngest son is still at home. Do you have any grandchildren? We have two boys and two girls. Freddy and Lisa Jimenez, and Bobby

Zamora:

Yes.

and Denise Rodriguez. Moosbrugger: Zamo.ra: Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Are any of your grandchildren living around here, or are they out of town? No, they are in California and in Minneapolis. Do you get to see them once in awhile? Yes. You have been about thirty-one years, now, at Wilson's. jobs from time to time at Wilson's? Zamora: Yes. About twelve years ago, I moved from the hog-kill chain to piece work It's a better job and it pays better. Have you changed

on a production basis. Moosbrugger: Zamora:

Regarding social life, have you been active in any clubs in town? Well, the only ones that I have been involved the most in, are; LULACS and Club
Azt~ca.

I also

belo~g

to the Knights of Columbus, here in town.

Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora:

What year was it, approximately, that you started with Club Azteca? It must have been in 1947. Then LULAC kind of took over after that? Well, they decided to go nation wide with LULAC. So most of the guys from

here that belonged to Club Azteca, went with LULACS. Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: That would have been what year? About 1960 Or 1961. Do you remember any of the old timers from the forties and early fifties that belonged to Club Azteca and are still around here) now?

-4Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Well, there are just a few left. Yes. William Villareal, Jesse Zamora, Acosta, Joey Ibarra, Joe Rosales. Have you been in the Knights of Columbus long? About four years. Maybe we can mention your restaurant. in Albert Lea. business? Zamora: It'll. be seven years on November 9th, this year. I wanted a Mexican Restaurant. I always had an idea that You have a very nice restaurant here Do you want their names?

Can you tell me how long you have been in the restaurant

It was kind of hard to convince my wife to

go along with me, but she finally gave in and we opened the restaurant. Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora: You never had any experience in this before? No. We didn't. We started from scratch.

Did you get any help from the family? Yes. My three brothers and I helped each other. That's the way we are

still doing it. Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Have you been in the same location all seven years? Yes, we have. How about the Mexican heritage? This is primarily a Mexican Restaurant.

Does the Mexican heritage plaY'asignificant role in your family life in any other way, besides the fact that you have a Mexican restaurant? Zamora: Well, at home, we still like Spanish music and records. Mexican dances whenever we have the chance. Moosbrugger: Zamora: Do you ever get back to visit Mexico or Texas? Yes. We go back there almost every two years. We have a lot of relatives We like to go to

in Texas and in Mexico on my dad's side, so we go back and visit them once in a while.

-5Moosbrugger: I guess your family, especially yourself, since you have been active in organizations, like LULAC and Club Azteca, have taken part in the observation of National Fiestas, like the Fifteenth and Sixteenth of September, so that your children know what they mean? Zamora: Yes, we do. When my girls were at home, they always took part in the

parade and the dances and songs that we sing. Moosbrugger: Zamora: Do you ever use the language in the home? Well, not too much. Kids here don't speak it. I have three of them that

speak it, the other two don't speak it. much, around here.

They don't use it, I mean not that

But when we go to Texas, they try to pick it up from

their cousins that live in Texas. Moosbrugger: Have you had any experiences with discrimination in Minnesota? Do you have

any significant feelings that people have mistreated you, or any of your family, for reasons of Mexican heritage? Zamora: No, not really. I mean, there are some people, but we just ignore them. They don't know what they are talking about.

I don't think they mean it. There is Moosbrugger: Zamora: Moosbrugger: Zamora:
no~ng

that I could say, to make a case out of it.

Nothing that can make life miserable? No. Did we remember to mention where your parents were from? No, we didn't. But my mother was born in Texas, some place around McEllen,

and my dad was the only one that came from Mexico, some where around Piedras Negras. Moosbrugger: Zamora: I don't know what town.

Thank you very much for the interview. Thank you!